Obituary Peter Fedor-Freybergh, 12.11.1936 – 6.10.2021

It is with sadness and pain that we must bid farewell to Peter-Fedor-Freybergh, the great pioneer of prenatal psychology and the great scientist and scientific publicist, who was able to be so integratively effective thanks to his broad scientific spectrum, which ranged from immunology to obstetrics, psychiatry, psychosomatics, psychotherapy and even literary works.  Because of this broad interests, he was called to create an interdisciplinary forum for the scientific explorationof prenatal and birth experiences within the framework of congresses of  the “International Society for Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine” (ISPPM), originally established as “Studiengemeinschaft für Pränatale Psychologie (ISPP). ” He was responsible for starting  the “Journal for Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine”. In addition, his activities were also an inspiration for the founding of the “Association for Pre- and Peri-natal Psychology and Health” ((APPPAH) by Thomas Verny.  Both societies are the world’s major forums for prenatal psychology in science and practice (,  

The opportunity for such a wide range of activities had its roots in PFF’s  humanistic education and his amazing multilingualism and consequent familiarity with different cultural spaces. This enabled him to use the tragic situation of being forced to leave his homeland by the failure of the “Prague Spring” in 1968 to make a new start.

Some stages of his professional development may be mentioned: Doctor of Medicine 1959, Doctor of Psychology 1965, Specialist in Psychiatry and Child Psychotherapy 1962, Doctor of Psychiatry 1967, Doctor of Gynecology and Obstetrics 1977. Medical practice since 1968 in psychiatric hospitals in Austria, Switzerland, England and Sweden; Lecturer in Psycho-Neuro-Endocrinology in Stockholm 1978 and later also in Salzburg.  In 1974 he was substantially involved in the development of Biological Psychiatry, which proved too narrow a field for him. He always thought beyond narrow disciplinary boundaries.  Thus he was for many years a leading member of the “International Society for Psychosomatics in Obstetrics and Gynecology” (ISPOG).  From 1966-1970 he was secretary of the “World Association for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry”.

In 1986, PFF gave prenatal psychology its first public visibility with a major international congress in Bad Gastein, establishing the ISPPM as an interdisciplinary and international scientific society. Based on the contributions at this congress, he published the first handbook of prenatal psychology in 1987 under the title “Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology – Encounter with the Unborn” and in 1988 the first handbook of prenatal psychology in English under the title “Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology. Encounter with the Unborn.” From 1983-1992 he was President of ISPPM, providing an international forum for the new scientific field of prenatal psychology. In 1996 he was appointed Professor of Child Psychiatry at the University of Prague.  In 2006 he held a professorship at the University of Trnava in Slovakia and in 2007 he became director of the “Institute of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology, Medicine and Social Work” at the University of Saint Elisabeth in his hometown, Bratislava.  In 2009 he received the title of “Professor of Prenatal and Perinatal Psychology and Medicine” there, the first professorship for this subject in the world. 

In addition to this quite amazing scientific career, PFF was the editor of four international journals: the already mentioned Journal of Prenatal Psychology, the journal Activitas Nervosa Superior, the  journal Clinical Social Work & Health Interventions and the Neuroendocrinological Letters, which he had taken over from Derek Gupta and which he substantially developed and shaped together with his wife Lili Maas.  This journal played an significant role in communicating Eastern European scientific work in the field.  It is also important to mention that PFF was responsible for the communication of the international knowledge of prenatal psychology at several congresses held in Slovakia under his name.The numerous scientific works of Peter Fedor-Freybergh are available on the Internet under “Research Gate”.

One can only marvel at the diversity of his professional activity.  It was made possible essentially by his enormous talent,  his deep humanity and his  unusual ability to build  relationships of trust with a great variety of people.  One example of this was his cooperation with the Italian prenatal psychologist Gino Soldera (ANPEP), which led to a major conference in San Marino, where he captivated his audience for a whole day with his extensive prenatal psychological knowledge.

Another example was the annual conferences I organized in the small Heidelberg suburb of Ziegelhausen starting in 1991: Because of PFF’s manifold connections, it was possible to attract international experts for these conferences, who conveyed prenatal psychological knowledge to the German-speaking world.  Fortunately,  Heidelberg professor of neonatology, Otwin Linderkamp, also took part in these conferences. As a result, he was able to use the knowledge imparted here for dealing with prematurely born children and thus bring attention to their primary need for relationships.  This fundamentally changed and humanized the handling of prematurely born children throughout Germany and also had an international impact. Linderkamp was supported by Wolfgang Ernest Freud, a grandson of Sigmund Freud, whom Peter Fedor-Freybergh was able to convince to participate in the congress in Bad Gastein. 

PFF, together with Thomas Verny, became the founders of the science of Pre- and Peri-natal Psychology, exploring the psychological significance of pregnancy and birth in a scientific and interdisciplinary framework. Both came from Jewish families in Bratislava, attended the same grammar school and both lost their homeland, family and friends during the war. After the war, they built their lives anew in foreign lands and became the great pioneers we recognize them as today.

We honor Peter Fedor-Freybergh not only for his outstanding scientific achievements, but equally for his deep humanity. 

With much gratitude, 

Ludwig Janus, 


Scroll to Top